Publications

2020

Rezaei H, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S. Comparison of Drying Rates of Ground Western Red Cedar with Hemlock, Birch, Aspen and Spruce/Pine/Douglas Fir, Applied Engineering in Agriculture (ASABE). (2020). doi: 10.13031/aea.13684.

2019

Rezaei H, Yazdanpanah F, Sokhansanj S, Marshall L, Lim CJ, Lau AK, Bi X. Biomass Drying and Sizing for Industrial Combustion Applications. Chap. 2 in Drying of Biomass, Biosolids, and Coal: for efficient energy supply and environmental benefits, by Pang S, Bhattacharya S, Yan J, 19-50. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. (2019). doi: 10.1201/9781351000871.

Nielsen SK, Rezaei H, Mandø M, Shahab Sokhansanj. Constitutive modelling of compression and stress relaxation in pine pellets, Biomass and Bioenergy. (2019). doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2019.105370.

Jia D, Bi X, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S, Tsutsumi A. Heat transfer in a tapered fluidized bed of biomass particles with pulsed gas flow, Particuology. (2019). doi: 10.1016/j.partic.2018.01.007.

2018

H. Rezaei, Sokhansanj S. Physical and thermal characterization of ground bark and ground wood particles, Renewable Energy. (2018). doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2018.06.038.

Ebadian M, Shedden ME, Webb E, Sokhansanj S, Eisenbies M, Volk T, Heavey J, Hallen K. Impact of Parcel Size, Field Shape, Crop Yield, Storage Location, and Collection Equipment on the Performance of Single-Pass Cut-and-Chip Harvest System in Commercial Shrub Willow Fields, BioEnergy Research. (2018).  doi: 10.1007/s12155-018-9902-7.

Wang Y, Ebadian M, Sokhansanj S, Webb E, Zerriffi H, Lau AK. A novel risk analysis methodology to evaluate the economic performance of a biorefinery and to quantify the economic incentives for participating biomass producers, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. (2018). doi: 10.1002/bbb.1862.

Hosseinizand H, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ. Co-pelletization of microalgae Chlorella vulgaris and pine sawdust to produce solid fuels, Fuel Processing Technology. (2018). doi: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2018.04.015.

Tang Y, Chandra RP, Sokhansanj S, Saddler JN. Influence of steam explosion processes on the durability and enzymatic digestibility of wood pellets, Fuel. (2018). doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2017.09.053.

Rezaei H, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Lau AK, Bi X. Effects of the mass and volume shrinkage of ground chip and pellet particles on drying rates, Particuology. (2018). doi: 10.1016/j.partic.2017.09.001.

Sokhansanj S, Rezaei H, Lam PS, Yong T, Ghiasi B, Tooyserkani Z. Steam Treatment of Cellulosic Biomass for Pelletization, Chap. 7 in Biomass Preprocessing and Pretreatments for Production of Biofuels by Tumuluru JS, CRC Press. (2018). doi: 10.1201/9781315153735.

Rezaei H, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ. Minimum fluidization velocity of ground chip and ground pellet particles of woody biomass, Chemical Engineering and Processing – Process Intensification. (2018). doi: 10.1016/j.cep.2017.12.006.

Naimi LJ., Sokhansanj S. Data-based equation to predict power and energy input for grinding wheat straw, corn stover, switchgrass, miscanthus, and canola straw, Fuel Processing Technology. (2018). doi: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.12.024.

Oveisi E, Sokhansanj S, Lau AK, Lim CJ, Bi X, Ebadian M, Preto F, Mui C, Gill R. In-depot upgrading the quality of fuel chips for a commercial gasification plant, Biomass and Bioenergy. (2018). doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.10.036.

2017

Hosseinizand H, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ. Studying the drying mechanism of microalgae Chlorella vulgaris and the optimum drying temperature to preserve quality characteristics, Drying Technology. (2017). doi: 10.1080/07373937.2017.1369986.

Wang Y, Ebadian M, Sokhansanj S, Webb E, Lau AK. Impact of the biorefinery size on the logistics of corn stover supply – A scenario analysis, Applied Energy. (2017). doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.03.056.

Borén E, Yazdanpanah F, Lindahl R, Schilling C, Chandra RP, Ghiasi B, Tang Y, Sokhansanj S, Broström M, Larsson SH. Off-Gassing of VOCs and Permanent Gases during Storage of Torrefied and Steam Exploded Wood, Energy & Fuels. (2017). doi: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b01959.

Ebadian M, Sokhansanj S, Webb E. Estimating the required logistical resources to support the development of a sustainable corn stover bioeconmy in the USA, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. (2017). doi: 10.1002/bbb.1736.

Zamar DS, Gopaluni B, Sokhansanj S, Newlands NK. A quantile-based scenario analysis approach to biomass supply chain optimization under uncertainty, Computers and Chemical Engineering. doi: 10.1016/j.compchemeng.2016.11.015.

Rezaei H, Lim CJ, Lau AK, Bi X, Sokhansanj S. Development of empirical drying correlations for ground wood chip and ground wood pellet particles, Drying Technology. (2017). doi: 10.1080/07373937.2016.1198912.

Jia D, Bi X, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S, Tsutsumi A. Gas-solid mixing and mass transfer in a tapered fluidized bed of biomass with pulsed gas flow, Powder Technology. (2017). doi: 10.1016/j.powtec.2016.10.031.

Hosseinizand H, Lim CJ, Webb E, Sokhansanj S. Economic analysis of drying microalgae Chlorella in a conveyor belt dryer with recycled heat from a power plant, Applied Thermal Engineering. (2017). doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.06.047

Jia D, Bi X, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S, Tsutsumi A. Heat Transfer in a Pulsed Fluidized Bed of Biomass Particles, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. (2017). doi: 10.1021/acs.iecr.6b04444.

Petrov O, Bi X, Lau AK. Impact assessment of biomass-based district heating systems in densely populated communities. Part II: Would the replacement of fossil fuels improve ambient air quality and human health?, Atmospheric Environment. (2017). doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.05.001.

Zamar DS, Gopaluni B, Sokhansanj S. Optimization of sawmill residues collection for bioenergy production, Applied Energy. (2017). doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.05.156.

Rezaei H, Sokhansanj S, Bi X, Lim CJ, Lau AK. A numerical and experimental study on fast pyrolysis of single woody biomass particles, Applied Energy. (2017). doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.11.032.

2016

Yazdanpanah F, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Lau AK, Bi X. Gas Adsorption Capacity of Wood Pellets, Energy Fuels. (2016). doi: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b02736.

Jia D, Bi X, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S, Tsutsumi A. Biomass drying in a pulsed fluidized bed without inert bed particles, Fuel. (2016). doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2016.08.100.

Naimi LJ, Collard F, Bi X, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S. Development of size reduction equations for calculating power input for grinding pine wood chips using hammer mill, Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery. (2016). doi: 10.1007/s13399-015-0195-1.

Naimi LJ, Sokhansanj S, Bi X, Lim CJ. Development of a Size Reduction Equation for Woody Biomass: the Influence of Branch Wood Properties on Rittinger’s Constant, Transactions of the ASABE. (2016). doi: 10.13031/trans.59.11347.

Shahrukh H, Oyedun AO, Kumar A, Ghiasi B, Kumar L, Sokhansanj S. Comparative net energy ratio analysis of pellet produced from steam pretreated biomass from agricultural residues and energy crops, Biomass and Bioenergy. (2016). doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.03.022.

Shahrukh H, Oyedun AO, Kumar A, Ghiasi B, Kumar L, Sokhansanj S. Techno-economic assessment of pellets produced from steam pretreated biomass feedstock, Biomass and Bioenergy. (2016). doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.03.001.

Rezaei H, Yazdanpanah F, Lim CJ, Lau AK, Sokhansanj S. Pyrolysis of ground pine chip and ground pellet particle, Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering. (2016). doi: 10.1002/cjce.22574.

2015

Yazdanpanah F, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Lau AK, Bi X. Effectiveness of purging on preventing gas emission buildup in wood pellet storage, Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering. (2015). doi: 10.1002/cjce.22199.

He X, Lau AK, Sokhansanj S, Lim J, Bi X. Application of a Model to Simulate the Wetting and Drying Processes of Woody Biomass in the Field, Drying Technology. (2015). doi: 10.1080/07373937.2014.988221.

Tumuluru JS, Lim CJ, Bi X, Kuang X, Melin S, Yazdanpanah F, Sokhansanj S. Analysis on Storage Off-Gas Emissions from Woody, Herbaceous, and Torrefied Biomass, Energies. (2015). doi: 10.3390/en8031745.

Peng J, Wang J, Bi X, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S, Peng H, Jia D. Effects of thermal treatment on energy density and hardness of torrefied wood pellets, Fuel Processing Technology. (2015). doi: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2014.09.010.

Lam PS, Lam PY, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Bi XT, Stephen JD, Pribowo A, Mabee WE. Steam explosion of oil palm residues for the production of durable pellets, Applied Energy. (2015). doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.12.029.

Jia D, Cathary O, Peng J, Bi X, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S, Liu Y, Wang R, Tsutsumi A. Fluidization and drying of biomass particles in a vibrating fluidized bed with pulsed gas flow, Fuel Processing Technology. (2015). doi: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2015.06.023.

Petrov O, Bi X, Lau AK. Impact assessment of biomass-based district heating systems in densely populated communities. Part I: Dynamic intake fraction methodology, Atmospheric Environment. (2015). doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.05.036.

Shahrukh H, Oyedun AO, Kumar A, Ghiasi B, Kumar L, Sokhansanj S. Net energy ratio for the production of steam pretreated biomass-based pellets, Biomass and Bioenergy. (2015). doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.06.006.

Peng J, Bi X, Lim CJ, Peng H, Kim CS, Jia D, Zuo H. Sawdust as an effective binder for making torrefied pellets, Applied Energy. (2015). doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.06.024.

Lee JS, Sokhansanj S, Lau AK, Lim CJ, Bi X, Basset V, Yazdanpanah F, Melin SO. The effects of storage on the net calorific value of wood pellets, Canadian Biosystems Engineering. (2015). doi: 10.7451/cbe.2015.57.8.5.

2014

Yazdanpanah F, Sokhansanj S, Lim J, Lau AK, Bi X, Lam PY, Melin S. Potential for Flammability of Gases Emitted From Stored Wood Pellets, Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering. (2014). doi: 10.1002/cjce.21909.

He X, Lau AK, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Bi X, Melin S. Investigating gas emissions and dry matter loss from stored biomass residues, Fuel. (2014). doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2014.05.061.

Guo W, Trischuk K, Bi X, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S. Measurements of wood pellets self-heating kinetic parameters using isothermal calorimetry,  Biomass and Bioenergy. (2014). doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.02.022.

Ebadian M, Sowlati T, Sokhansanj S, Smith LT, Stumborg M. Development of an integrated tactical and operational planning model for supply of feedstock to a commercial-scale bioethanol plant, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. (2014). doi: 10.1002/bbb.1446

Lam PY, Lam PS, Sokhansanj S, Bi XT, Lim CJ, Melin S. Effects of pelletization conditions on breaking strength and dimensional stability of Douglas fir pellet, Fuel. (2014). doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.10.033.

Lam PY, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S, Lam PS, Stephen JD, Pribowo A, Mabee WE. Leaching Characteristics of Inorganic Constituents from Oil Palm Residues by Water, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. (2014). doi: 10.1021/ie500769s.

Liu Y, Peng J, Kansha Y, Ishizuka M, Tsutsumi A, Jia D, Bi X, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S. Novel fluidized bed dryer for biomass drying, Fuel Processing Technology. (2014). doi: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2014.01.036.

Ghiasi B, Kumar L, Furubayashi T, Lim CJ, Bi X, Kim CS, Sokhansanj S. Densified biocoal from woodchips: Is it better to do torrefaction before or after densification?, Applied Energy. (2014). doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.07.076.

Yazdanpanah F, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Lau AK, Bi X, Melin S. Stratification of off-gases in stored wood pellets, Biomass and Bioenergy. (2014). doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.04.019.

2013

Ebadian M, Sowlati T, Sokhansanj S, Townley-Smith L, Stumborg M. Modeling and analysing storage systems in agricultural biomass supply chain for cellulosic ethanol production, Applied Energy. (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.08.049.

Oveisi E, Lau AK, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Bi X, Larsson SH, Melin S. Breakage behavior of wood pellets due to free fall, Powder Technology. (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.powtec.2012.10.022.

Tooyserkani Z, Sokhansanj S, Bi X, Lim CJ, Lau AK, Saddler J, Kumar L, Lam PS, Melin S. Steam treatment of four softwood species and bark to produce torrefied wood, Applied Energy. (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.10.016.

Tooyserkani Z, Kumar L, Sokhansanj S, Saddler J, Bi XT, Lim CJ, Lau AK, Melin S. SO2-catalyzed steam pretreatment enhances the strength and stability of softwood pellets, Bioresource Technology. (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.12.004.

Tannous K, Lam PS, Sokhansanj S, Grace JR. Physical Properties for Flow Characterization of Ground Biomass from Douglas Fir Wood, Particulate Science and Technology. (2013). doi: 10.1080/02726351.2012.732676.

Lam PS, Lam PY, Sokhansanj S, Bi XT, Lim CJ. Mechanical and compositional characteristics of steam-treated Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii L.) during pelletization, Biomass and Bioenergy. (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2013.05.001.

Peng JH, Bi XT, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ. Torrefaction and densification of different species of softwood residues, Fuel. (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.04.048.

Guo W, Lim CJ, Bi X, Sokhansanj S, Melin S. Determination of effective thermal conductivity and specific heat capacity of wood pellets, Fuel. (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2012.08.037.

Wang C, Peng J, Li H, Bi XT, Legros R, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S. Oxidative torrefaction of biomass residues and densification of torrefied sawdust to pellets, Bioresource Technology. (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.09.092.

Pa A, Bi XT, Sokhansanj S. Evaluation of wood pellet application for residential heating in British Columbia based on a streamlined life cycle analysis, Biomass and Bioenergy. (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2012.11.009.

Peng JH, Bi HT, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S. Study on Density, Hardness, and Moisture Uptake of Torrefied Wood Pellets, Energy & Fuels. (2013). doi: 10.1021/ef301928q.

Naimi LJ. Development of Size Reduction Equations for Calculating Energy Input for Grinding Lignocellulosic Particles, Applied Engineering in Agriculture. (2013). doi: 10.13031/2013.42523.

He X, Lau AK, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Bi XT, Melin S, Keddy T. Moisture sorption isotherms and drying characteristics of aspen (Populus tremuloides), Biomass and Bioenergy. (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2013.07.007.

2012

Yazdanpanah F, Lau AK, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Bi X, Melin S. Resistance of wood pellets to low airflow, Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering. (2012). doi: 10.1002/cjce.20668.

Tooyserkani Z, Sokhansanj S, Bi X, Lim CJ, Saddler J, Lau AK, Melin S, Lam PS, Kumar L. Effect of steam treatment on pellet strength and the energy input in pelleting of softwood particles, Transactions of the ASABE. (2012). doi: 10.13031/2013.42484.

Kumar L, Tooyserkani Z, Sokhansanj S, Saddler JN. Does densification influence the steam pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis of softwoods to sugars?, Bioresource Technology. 2012. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.06.049.

Lam PS, Sokhansanj S, Bi XT, Lim CJ, Larsson SH. Drying characteristics and equilibrium moisture content of steam-treated Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii L.), Bioresource Technology. 2012. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.03.093.

Peng J, Bi XT, Lim J, Sokhansanj S. Development of Torrefaction Kinetics for British Columbia Softwoods, International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering. (2012). doi: 10.1515/1542-6580.2878.

Larsson SH, Lestander TA, Crompton D, Melin S, Sokhansanj S. Temperature patterns in large scale wood pellet silo storage, Applied Energy. (2012). doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.11.012.

Lam PS, Sokhansanj S, Bi X, Lim CJ. Colorimetry Applied to Steam-Treated Biomass and Pellets made from Western Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga Menziesii L.), Transactions of the ASABE. (2012). doi: 10.13031/2013.41368.

Pa A, Craven JS, Bi X, Melin S, Sokhansanj S. Environmental footprints of British Columbia wood pellets from a simplified life cycle analysis, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. (2012). doi: 10.1007/s11367-011-0358-7.

Peng JH, Bi HT, Sokhansanj S, Lim JC. A study of particle size effect on biomass torrefaction and densification, Energy & Fuels. (2012). doi: 10.1021/ef3004027.

He X, Lau AK, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Bi X, Melin S. Dry matter losses in combination with gaseous emissions during the storage of forest residues. Fuel. (2012). doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2011.12.027.

2011

Ghafghazi S, Sowlati T, Sokhansanj S, Bi X, Melin S. Particulate matter emissions from combustion of wood in district heating applications, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. (2011). doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2011.04.001.

Ghafghazi S, Sowlati T, Sokhansanj S, Bi X, Melin S. Life cycle assessment of base-load heat sources for district heating system options, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. (2011). doi: 10.1007/s11367-011-0259-9.

Ebadian M, Sowlati T, Sokhansanj S, Stumborg M, Townley-Smith L. A new simulation model for multi-agricultural biomass logistics system in bioenergy production, Biosystems Engineering. (2011). doi: 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2011.08.008.

Lam PS, Sokhansanj S, Bi X, Lim CJ, Melin S. Energy Input and Quality of Pellets Made from Steam-Exploded Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), Energy & Fuels. (2011). doi: 10.1021/ef101683s.

Pa A, Bi X, Sokhansanj S. A life cycle evaluation of wood pellet gasification for district heating in British Columbia, Bioresource Technology. (2011). doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.02.009.

Naimi LJ, Sokhansanj S, Womac AR, Bi X, Lim CJ, Igathinathane C, Lau AK, Sowlati S, Melin S,  Emami M, Afzal M. Development of a Population Balance Model to Simulate Fractionation of Ground Switchgrass, Transactions of the ASABE. (2011). doi: 10.13031/2013.36239.

Yazdanpanah F, Sokhansanj S, Lau AK, Lim CJ, Bi X, Melin S. Airflow versus pressure drop for bulk wood pellets, Biomass and Bioenergy. (2011). doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.01.042.

2010

Ghafghazi S, Sowlati T, Sokhansanj S, Melin S. Techno-economic analysis of renewable energy source options for a district heating project, International Journal of Energy Research. (2010). doi: 10.1002/er.1637.

Yazdanpanah F, Sokhansanj S, Lau AK, Lim CJ, Bi X, Melin S, Afzal M. Permeability of wood pellets in the presence of fines, Bioresource Technology. (2010). doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.01.096.

Tumuluru JS, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Bi X, Lau AK, Melin S, Sowlati T, Oveisi E. Quality of Wood Pellets Produced in British Columbia for Export, Applied Engineering in Agriculture. (2010). doi: 10.13031/2013.35902.

Ghafghazi S, Sowlati T, Sokhansanj S, Melin S. A multicriteria approach to evaluate district heating system options, Applied Energy. (2010). doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.06.021.

Peng JH, Bi HT, Sokhansanj S, Lim JC, Melin S. An Economical and Market Analysis of Canadian Wood Pellets, International Journal of Green Energy. (2010). doi: 10.1080/15435071003673518.

Igathinathane C, Tumuluru JS, Sokhansanj S, Bi X, Lim CJ, Melin S, Ebadian M. Simple and inexpensive method of wood pellets macro-porosity measurement. Bioresource Technology. (2010). doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.03.034.

Peng JH, Bi HT, Sokhansanj S, Lim JC, Melin S. An Economical and Market Analysis of Canadian Wood Pellets. International Journal of Green Energy. (2010). doi: 10.1080/15435071003673518.

2009

Kuang X, Shankar TJ, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Bi XT, Melin S. Effects of headspace and oxygen level on off-gas emissions from wood pellets in storage, Annals of Occupational Hygiene. (2009). doi: 10.1093/annhyg/mep071.

Kuang X, Shankar TJ, Bi XT, Lim CJ, Sokhansanj S, Melin S. Rate and peak concentrations of off-gas emissions in stored wood pellets-sensitivities to temperature, relative humidity and headspace volume, Annals of Occupational Hygiene. (2009). doi: 10.1093/annhyg/mep049.

2008

Kuang X, Shankar TJ, Bi X, Sokhansanj S, Lim CJ, Melin S. Characterization and kinetics study of off-Gas emissions from stored wood pellets,  Annals of Occupational Hygiene. (2008). doi: 10.1093/annhyg/men053.

Lam PS, Sokhansanj S, Bi X, Lim CJ, Naimi LJ, Hoque M, Mani S, Womac AR, Narayan S, Ye XP. Bulk density of wet and dry wheat straw and switchgrass particles, Applied Engineering in Agriculture. (2008). doi: 10.13031/2013.24490.

2006

Kumar A, Sokhansanj S, Flynn PC. Development of a multicriteria assessment model for ranking biomass feedstock collection and transportation systems, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. (2006). doi: 10.1385/ABAB:129:1:71.